Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication
Université Versailles Saint-Quentin


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Physico-chemist — SOLEIL researcher — Director of IPANEMA

IPANEMA, CNRS, ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, UVSQ, USR3461
Université Paris-Saclay
Site du Synchrotron SOLEIL
BP48 Saint-Aubin
F-91192 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

+ 33 1 69 35 97 80

Research Topics

Ancient materials ; New raster-scanning and full-field synchrotron imaging methods : X-rays, UV/visible ; Physicochemical processes of alteration of biological tissues in archaeological and paleontological settings ; Palaeo-environmental proxies ; Raw materials, manufacturing processes, and alteration of archaeological and cultural artefacts and ecofacts ;
Global methodology of study of ancient materials.


  • Head of the IPANEMA laboratory, 2010—
  • Representative of France (with I. Pallot-Frossard), European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science
  • Monitor, European Commission


  • Integration Officer, Horizon2020 IPERION CH
  • Board member, Fondation des sciences du patrimoine
  • Member of bureau of section 05 of the National Committee for Scientific Research (Condensed Matter : Organisation and Dynamics)
  • Member, Scientific Advisory Committee of Cergy-Pontoise University
  • Member, Scientific Advisory Committee of Institut des Études culturelles et internationales, University of Versailles—Saint-Quentin
  • Member of the Synchrotron radiation and neutrons in art and archaeology (SR2A) International Scientific Committee

Main event organised

  • Organiser, Gordon Research Conference, `Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research’, 2020
  • Organiser, International Symposium Sciences, Technologies and Heritage, French Academy of Sciences, Paris, 2019
  • Co-Organiser, Gordon Research Conference, `Scientific Methods in Cultural Heritage Research’, 2018
  • Principal Organiser, Workshop `Matériaux du patrimoine et patrimoine matériel sur le plateau de Saclay’, Ecole polytechnique, Palaiseau, 2016
  • Organiser, Technical Meeting ‘Investigating heritage materials with safer ion and photon beam experiments’, C2RMF, Paris, 2015
  • Principal Organiser, SR2A-2014 6th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology, Louvre Museum, Paris, 2014
  • Principal Organiser, Consultant Meeting on ‘Mitigation strategies for radiation damage on cultural heritage materials’, IAEA, Vienna, 2013
  • Principal Organiser, Synchrotron radiation for ancient materials conference, SOLEIL, 2011
  • Principal Organiser, A beamline for ancient materials at SOLEIL conference, SOLEIL, 2009

PhD students and post-docs

  • Rafaella Georgiou (PhD, 2017—)
  • Giulia Francheschin (post-doc, 2017—)
  • Selwin Hageraats (PhD, 2016—)
  • Josiane Kaddissy (post-doc, 2016—)
  • Jiayi Li (PhD, 2015—)
  • Pierre Gueriau (post-doc, 2014—2018 ; post-doc at Lausanne Uni.)
  • Tatiana Séverin-Fabiani (PhD, 2012—2016 ; engineer at Saint-Gobain)
  • Phillip Cook (PhD, 2011—2015 ; post-doc at ESRF)
  • Pierre Gueriau (PhD, 2011—2014 ; post-doc at Lausanne Uni.)
  • Laurianne Robinet (post-doc, 2008—2010 ; engineer at Ministry of Culture)
  • Stéphane Hoerlé (post-doc, 2007—2009 ; Centre national de la Préhistoire)
  • Stéphanie Leroy (PhD, 2006—2009 ; CNRS researcher at IRAMAT)

Selected bibliography

Complete list at the following page

Articles whithin the past 3 years :

P. K. Cook, C. Mocuta, É. Dufour, M.-A. Languille, and L. Bertrand. Full-section otolith microtexture imaged by local-probe X-ray diffraction. J. Appl. Cryst., 2018. In Press.

Donald Davesne, Pierre Gueriau, Didier Dutheil, and Loïc Bertrand, Exceptional preservation of a Cretaceous intestine provides a glimpse of the early ecological diversity of spiny-rayed fishes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei). Sci. Rep. 8 : 8509, 2018. [article]

L. Bertrand, C. Gervais, A. Masic, and L. Robbiola. Paleo-inspired systems : Durability, sustainability and remarkable properties. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2018. In press. [article]

L. Bertrand, C. Gervais, A. Masic, and L. Robbiola. Paläo‐inspirierte Systeme : Haltbarkeit, Nachhaltigkeit und bemerkenswerte Eigenschaften. Angew. Chem., 2018. In press. [article]

L. Bertrand, Synchrotron-based X-ray analytical techniques and materials analysis. In S. L. Lopez-Varela, G. Artioli, L. Barba, G. Campbell, G. Fairclough, C. Dore, I. Kakoulli, J. M. Parés, J. Thomas, C. Wells, L. Wright, and K. Hoffmeister, editors, The SAS Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Wiley, 2018.

P. Gueriau, J.-P. Rueff, S. Bernard, J. Kaddissy, S. Goler, C. J. Sahle, D. Sokaras, R. A. Wogelius, P. L. Manning, U. Bergmann, and L. Bertrand. Non-invasive synchrotron-based X-Ray Raman scattering discriminates carbonaceous compounds in ancient and historical materials. Anal. Chem., 89(20):10819–10826, 2017. [article]

M. Thoury, B. Mille, T. Séverin-Fabiani, L. Robbiola, M. Réfrégiers, J.-F. Jarrige, and L. Bertrand. High spatial dynamics-photoluminescence imaging reveals the metallurgy of the earliest lost wax-cast object. Nat. Comm., 7:13356, 2016. [article]

S. Hoerlé, D. G. Pearce, L. Bertrand, C. Sandt, and M. Menu. Imaging the layered fabric of paints from Nomansland rock art (South Africa). Archaeometry, 58 S1:182-199, Sep 2016. [article]

P. K. Cook, É. Dufour, M.-A. Languille, C. Mocuta, S. Réguer, and L. Bertrand. Strontium speciation in archaeological otoliths. J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 31:700-711, 2016. [article]

A. C. Crabbé, H. J. M. Wouters, C. Mocuta, M. Silly, L. Bertrand, H. Terryn, and I. Vandendael. De Colorando Auro : Medieval colouring techniques researched using modern analytical techniques. Technè, 43:120–126, 2016.

L. Bertrand, S. Schoeder, S. David, and M. Thoury. Initiatives européennes d’IPANEMA et du synchrotron SOLEIL pour l’étude des matériaux anciens. Technè, 43:75–78, 2016.

L. Bertrand, S. Bernard, F. Marone, M. Thoury, I. Reiche, A. Gourrier, P. Sciau, and U. Bergmann. Emerging approaches in synchrotron studies of materials from cultural and natural history collections. Top. Curr. Chem., 374(7):1-39, Feb 2016. [article]

P. Gueriau, S. Bernard, and L. Bertrand. Synchrotron advanced imaging of paleontological specimens. Elements, 12(1):45-50, Feb 2016. [article]

E. Anheim, M. Thoury, L. Bertrand. Micro-imagerie de matériaux anciens complexes (I). Rev. Synth., 136(3):329-354, Dec 2015. [article]

P. Gueriau, C. Mocuta, and L. Bertrand. Cerium anomaly at microscale in fossils. Anal. Chem., 87(17) : 8827–8836, 2015. [article]

P. K. Cook, M.-A. Languille, É. Dufour, C. Mocuta, O. Tombret, F. Fortuna, and L. Bertrand. Biogenic and diagenetic indicators in archaeological and modern otoliths : Potential and limits of high-definition synchrotron micro-XRF elemental mapping. Chem. Geol., 414:1–15, 2015. [article]

J.-P. Echard, M. Thoury, B. H. Berrie, T. Séverin-Fabiani, A. Vichi, M. Didier, M. Réfrégiers, and L. Bertrand. Synchrotron DUV luminescence micro-imaging to identify and map historical organic coatings on wood. Analyst, 140(15):5344-5353, 2015. [article]

L. Bertrand, P. Dillmann and I. Reiche. Synchrotron Radiation and neutrons in Art and Archaeology 2014 (Editorial), J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 30:540-541, 2015. [article]

P. Gueriau and L. Bertrand. Deciphering exceptional preservation of fossils through trace elemental imaging, Microsc. Today, 23(3):2—6, May 2015.

L. Bertrand, S. Schöder, D. Anglos, M. Breese, K. Janssens, M. Moini, and A. Simon. Mitigation strategies for radiation damage in the analysis of ancient materials, Trends Anal. Chem., 66:128-145, 2015. [article]

Older articles (selection of 10) :

P. Gueriau, C. Mocuta, D. B. Dutheil, S. X. Cohen, D. Thiaudière, the OT1 consortium, S. Charbonnier, G. Clément, and L. Bertrand. Trace elemental imaging of rare earth elements discriminates tissues at microscale in flat fossils. Plos One, 9(1):1–9, Jan. 2014.

L. Bertrand, A. Vichi, J. Doucet, P. Walter, and P. Blanchard. The fate of archaeological keratin fibers in a temperate burial context : Microtaphonomy study of hairs from Marie de Bretagne (15th c., Orléans, France). J. Archaeol. Sci., 42, 487—499, Feb. 2014. [article]

L. Bertrand, M. Réfrégiers, B. Berrie, J.-P. Echard, and M. Thoury. A multiscalar photoluminescence approach to discriminate among semiconducting historical zinc white pigments. Analyst, 138(16), 4463-4469, 2013 [article].

L. Bertrand, M. Thoury, and E. Anheim. Ancient materials specificities for their synchrotron examination and insights into their epistemological implications. J. Cult. Heritage, 14(4), 277-289 July-August 2013. [article].

L. Bertrand, M. Cotte, M. Stampanoni, M. Thoury, F. Marone, and S. Schöder. Development and trends in synchrotron studies of ancient and historical materials. Phys. Rep., 519(2):51-96, 2012. [article].

S. Leroy, S. X. Cohen, C. Verna, B. Gratuze, F. Téreygeol, P. Fluzin, L. Bertrand, and P. Dillmann. The medieval iron market in Ariège (France). Multidisciplinary analytical approach and multivariate analyses. J. Archaeol. Sci., 39(4), 1080-1093, 2012. [article].

M. Thoury, J.-P. Echard, M. Réfrégiers, B. Berrie, A. Nevin, F. Jamme, and L. Bertrand. Synchrotron UV-visible multispectral luminescence micro-imaging of historical samples. Anal. Chem., 83(5):1737-1745, 2011. [article]

L. Bertrand, L. Robinet, S. X. Cohen, C. Sandt, A.-S. Le Hô, B. Soulier, A. Lattuati-Derieux, J.-P. Echard. Identification of the finishing technique of an early 18th century musical instrument using FT-IR imaging. Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 399(9):3025-3032, 2010. [article]

J.-P. Echard, L. Bertrand, A. von Bohlen, A.-S. Le Hô, C. Paris, L. Bellot-Gurlet, B. Soulier, A. Lattuati-Derieux, S. Thao, L. Robinet, B. Lavédrine, and S. Vaiedelich. Nature of the Extraordinary Finish of Stradivari’s Instruments. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 49(1):197–201, January 2010. [article]

L. Bertrand, J. Doucet, P. Dumas, A. Simionovici, G. Tsoucaris, and P. Walter. Microbeam synchrotron imaging of hairs from Ancient Egyptian mummies. J. Synchrotron Radiat., 10(5):387–392, September 2003. [article]

Book chapters :

L. Bertrand. Lumière synchrotron : À la recherche des matériaux anciens. In B. Boulanger, S. Guellati-Khelifa, D. Hennequin, and M. Stehle, editors, La lumière en lumière. Du photon à l’internet, pages 149–152. EDP Sciences, 2016.

M.-A. Languille, S. Réguer, M. F. Guerra, S. Leroy, L. Bertrand. Sonder les métaux archéologiques au synchrotron, in L’Archéologie au laboratoire, chap. 14, La Découverte / INRAP, 2013. [book]

L. Bertrand. Physical techniques in the study of art, archaeology and cultural heritage vol. 2, chapter Synchrotron imaging for archaeology, art history, conservation and paleontology, pages 109–112. Elsevier Science, July 2007.


  • 1997 : Engineer Ecole polytechnique
  • 1999 : Engineer Ecole des Mines de Paris
  • 2002 : Ph.D. from Université Pierre et Marie Curie, supervisor : Prof. André Rassat (ENS Paris)
  • 2002–2003 : Post-doc at University of Cambridge (UK)
  • 2004–2005 : Post-doc a Laboratoire de physique des solides and synchrotron SOLEIL
  • 2005 : Researcher at synchrotron SOLEIL
  • 2010– : Director of IPANEMA
  • 2012 : Habilitation